Depression is a mental illness characterized by a persistent decrease in mood (for more than two weeks), loss of interest in life, impaired attention and memory, and motor retardation. If left untreated, it can take months, or even years, for a person to lose their ability to work, and even try to withdraw from life. Some doctors prescribe this drug for depression:

Depression is not just temporary episodes of depression that are common to everyone. It is an illness.

Risk factors for depression include:

Genetic predisposition – the presence of depression and other mental disorders in relatives increases the risk of developing the disease;
Stressful situations – the loss of loved ones, overwork, a negative environment, conflicts in the family, at work or within the person;
comorbidities – neurological, somatic (diabetes, cardiovascular disease), alcohol or drug dependence.
Depression is a disease that can occur after stressful situations, as well as “out of the blue”. Doctors have not yet determined why it often occurs in apparently healthy people against a background of complete well-being. But this does not stop experienced psychotherapists from dealing with the disorder and winning.

What is depression and how does it manifest itself?
The typical symptoms of depression include:

feelings of depression and longing that are present for long periods of time;
Loss of pleasure and interests – loss of goals in life, abandonment of favorite activities;
decreased energy, increased fatigue.
In addition, there may be:

feeling of own uselessness, worthlessness, unreasonable feeling of guilt, low self-esteem;
a negative outlook on the world, a feeling of hopelessness, anxiety, irritability;
impaired attention and concentration;
suicidal thoughts;
change of appetite – overeating or, on the contrary, lack of interest in food;
sleep disorders – often restless sleep at night, early awakening (several hours before the alarm clock) and sleepiness during the day;
sluggishness of movements and thinking, slow, monotonous speech.
The psychotherapist together with a clinical psychologist diagnoses depression.

If several of the symptoms from the list have been present for two weeks or more, the therapist can suspect the diagnosis of depression. In order to select therapy, he or she needs to determine what variant of the disorder the patient has:

Depressive episode – the person’s depression first manifested itself, perhaps as a reaction to an external stressor (then depression is called reactive);
recurrent depressive disorder – episodes of depression recur every few years; this condition requires long-term treatment;
Bipolar affective disorder – episodes of depression alternate with episodes of pathologically (inadequately) elevated mood, the person’s life oscillates between the two poles;
Dysthymia – “mild” depression, which can start in adolescence; the person is considered pessimistic, melancholic, and even lazy all his life, although in fact, his character is a manifestation of the disease, and it can be treated.
To confirm the diagnosis, the psychotherapist uses a number of techniques: clinical (identification of symptoms), sometimes instrumental and laboratory.

Leave a Reply